Digestive Health for Cats

What are cat gastrointestinal and digestive disorders?

 

A digestive disorder (gastrointestinal disorder) is any condition that prevents proper digestion or alters the rate at which food passes through the digestive tract. Digestive disorders are one of the most common reasons for consulting a veterinary practice.

Digestive disorders can lead to dehydration, malnutrition or other serious health issues so it is important to recognize the signs and consult with your veterinarian.

 

What are the types and causes of cat digestive disorders?

 

There are many different types of digestive disorders. The causes of digestive disorders range from eating something different or not appropriate for cat to inflammation of gastrointestinal organs, food intolerance or sensitivities, infections, or lack of digestive enzymes. Some cat breeds such as Sphynx, Rex and Ragdoll are more prone to particular digestive problems. Your veterinarian may carry out tests to determine the exact cause of your cat’s GI problem.

 

Commonly diagnosed conditions include:

 

ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS

An inflamed digestive tract, usually short-term. Causes may include eating rancid or spoiled food, swallowing foreign objects, eating toxic plants, internal parasites, stress, food allergies and some disease conditions.

COLITIS

More common in cats under the age of 5, colitis causes inflammation of the large intestine that results in frequent, painful passing of feces. If your cat is experiencing colitis, it may contain mucus and blood. Most frequently, colitis is caused by tumors or polyps, a change in food, allergies (including those to food), swallowed foreign objects and certain other diseases.

DIARRHEA

Caused by infections, internal parasites, stress, a change in cat food, table scraps or rich snacks, eating spoiled food from the garbage and body organ dysfunction.

 

CONSTIPATION

Usually caused by dehydration, insufficient fiber intake, ingesting hair or other foreign objects, aging, tumors, trauma or fractures, spinal cord disease, large bowel nervous disorders, metabolic or endocrine disorders and debilitation, and lack of exercise.

 

PANCREATITIS

An inflammation or infection of the pancreas (an elongated, tapered gland that is located behind the stomach). Origins are frequently unknown. Potential causes are decreased blood flow (due to dehydration, or other disease processes) infections, disease or trauma.

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

Commonly associated with chronic inflammation and discomfort of a cat’s bowels, but is typically not directly linked to gastrointestinal disease. Some suspected causes include food intolerances and the ability of the cat food to effectively pass through the gastrointestinal tract. Mental distress can also be a contributing factor for this condition.

EXOCRINE PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY

This condition is characterized by weight loss, increased appetite and large amounts of soft feces. Chronic pancreatitis is the most common cause.

SMALL INTESTINAL MALABSORPTION

Inflammation of the small intestine impairs nutrient absorption and results in persistent diarrhea, weight loss and loss of appetite in your cat.

 

 

 

 

 

Does my cat have a gastrointestinal or digestive disorder?

 

 

The most common signs of cat stomach problems and digestive disorders are soft stools or diarrhea. You may also notice some or all of the following signs in your cat.

  • Vomiting
  • Regurgitation
  • Flatulence
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea or constipation

Chronic digestive disorders can be a debilitating problem for many cats and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from your veterinarian.

IMPORTANT: If your cat has diarrhea or is vomiting, she may become severely dehydrated. Consult your veterinarian if you notice any of these signs.

 

Choosing the right cat food for digestive health.

 

The right digestive care food can help relieve tummy troubles, resolving diarrhea and improving digestion. If your cat is
showing the signs of a digestive disorder, ask your vet if you should switch your cat’s food.

anchor

Caring for Your Cat

ARTICLES AND TOOLS

Pet Care Center

  • Cat Breeds | Hill's Pet

    Discover the unique characteristics of different cat breeds, as well as which one might be best for you. Explore our library of articles to learn more.
  • New Pet Parents: Cats | Hill's Pet

    Learn what to expect & how to prepare if you're bringing home a cat for the first time. Explore our library of articles to learn more.
  • Cat Behavior & Appearance | Hill's Pet

    Discover why your cat behaves the way he does, as well as what his expressions & body language means. Explore our library of articles to learn more.
  • Cat Training | Hill's Pet

    Discover some useful methods for training your cat, from socializing to using the litter box. Explore our library of articles to learn more.
  • Routine Care for Cats | Hill's Pet

    Discover some basic ways that you can care for your cat properly. Explore our library of articles to learn more.
  • Play & Exercise: Cats | Hill's Pet

    Discover which cat toys games your feline friend might like, and how they are great sources of exercise. Explore our library of articles to learn more.