Beauceron Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits

A large, loyal breed, the beauceron is very active and best suited for a farm or a home with a large fenced yard.

Beauceron At a glance
The Beauceron Dog Breed

The beauceron is often used in police work, rescue work and for protection.


Weight Range:

Male: 66-85 lbs.
Female: 66-85 lbs.

Height at Withers:

Male: 27 in.

Female: 26 in.


Floppy ears (naturally)


Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day
Energy Level: Very energetic
Longevity Range: 11-13 yrs
Tendency to Drool: Low Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Bark: Low
Tendency to Dig: Low Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Bred For:

Boar herding, hunting, guarding


Length: Short
Characteristics: Flat
Colors: Black with tan. Black, black and white
Overall Grooming Needs: Low

Club Recognition:

AKC Classification: Herding Dog

Prevalence: Rare

The beauceron is a large breed, averaging between 25 and 28 inches tall.

Weight is usually between 65 and 85 pounds (30 to 38 kilograms). The dog is most distinguished by his long tail and double dewclaws. The coat is short but thick with a dense undercoat. Coloring of the coat is black and tan, or a blue merle. The beauceron is sometimes known as the "bas rouge" in his homeland. The name comes from the breeds red "stockings" on the lower portion of the leg.


The beauceron is loyal and protective, making a good watchdog and guard dog that is protective of his people and property. They tend to be a dominant breed and require a firm hand in training. If handled with patience, this breed can become an ideal companion. They can be territorial around other pets and should be introduced to other dogs early in their training.

The beauceron is an intelligent breed and a quick learner. They enjoy challenging activities and need a regular outlet for their energy. Daily walks are a must, or at least freedom to run in a large yard.

Living With:

The beauceron is best suited for a farm or  home with a large, fenced-in yard, to allow for its high energy. They can adapt to indoor or outdoor living, but do prefer the outdoors. They are intelligent dogs who enjoy a job to do. They will be a watchdog and will protect their people. Early socialization is best for them to be accepting of other pets and of children in the house. Minimum grooming is needed for the short coat, and weekly brushing is usually enough to keep the coat healthy and clean. They shed year round but do go through a heavier shedding period in warm weather.


The beauceron, or "berger de Beauce" as its originally known, is a working dog from France. Developed in the 1500s as a hunter of wild boar, it also became useful as a herding dog and guardian of the flock. The beauceron's history may include the Doberman pinscher. Contrary to what the original name implies, this French shepherd is not from Beauce but from Brie, sharing this origin with its cousin the briard. The name berger de Beauce was given to differentiate the two breeds. In 1911 the two breeds were noted as separate, and the Beauceron Club was formed.

In addition to herding and working as a watchdog, the beauceron has a natural instinct to guard and protect. The breed is often used in police work, for protection, and as a rescuer. The beauceron's reputation as an esteemed companion and protector is also recorded in portraits, which portray them as companions to kings.

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